Epidemiological study for common causes of diarrhea disease among children under 5 years of age in some Iraqi province


Background: Acute diarrheal disease among children less than 5 years old remains amajor cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Severe infectious diarrhea in childrenoccurs most frequently under circumstances of poor environmental sanitation andhygiene, inadequate water supplies, and poverty. In Iraq the control of diarrheal disease (CDD), including promotion of breast-feeding, oral rehydration therapy and specifichealth education is a part of national strategies aiming to improve the quality of life andreduce the burdens caused by diseases.Objectives: the study aimed to identify the most common causes of diarrheal diseaseamong children aged less than five years admitted to pediatrics Hospitals in some Iraqprovince.Patient and method:Hospitals in five Iraq provinces, karbala, Dyala, Hila, and Najafduring 12 months of 2013 received 1639 cases of diarrhea disease among children under5 years of age, a hospital – based cross sectional study was performed a respective caseswas defined as a child having three or more loose, liquid, or watery stools or at least onebloody loose stool within the last 24 hours. Accordingly, all cases admitted to generalpediatrics Hospital between January and December 2013, which fulfilled the inclusioncriteria were recruited into the study.Results: in current study shows statistical prevalence to bacteria spp. (0.006) andGiardiasis among Dyala province at p. value (0.001) as well as highly significantdifference between Entamaebea. Histolytica.and Karbala city at p. value (0.001), amongother pathogens in our study provinces.Conclusion: our study revealed some of pathogens can lead to cause diarrhea diseaseamong children under 5 years of age especially E. histolytica and Giardia Lamblia insome Iraq province so demonstrate poor hygiene and educational health and inadequatesafe water supply and food safety.caused by diarrhea among children less than five yearsof age in the district.