The effects of energy drinks, drugs and hormones that taken by the bodybuilding sportsmen on the some liver and kidneys functions in Kirkuk city


The present study included one hundred ten volunteers (bodybuilding sportsmen; Ninety sportsmen took stimulants and twenty without stimulants). Then, volunteers distributed to four groups according to the types of stimulant. The first group was control group without stimulants. The second group sportsmen who used energy drinks (Red bull and Power Horse). The third group sportsmen who used drugs (max miz (100mg), XXL protein (100mg)، sirios mass (200mg). The fourth group sportsmen who used hormones(testosterone، insulin، growth hormone، nandrolone، primobolan and stanazol). The results showed significant increased (P<0.05) in serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), cholesterol, triglyceride, urea, creatinine, potassium and decreased sodium in all groups who consumed energy drinks, drugs and hormones compared with control groups.The aim of this study was to investigate some biochemical parameters included AST, ALT, cholesterol, triglyceride, urea, creatinine, potassium and sodium concentrations in sera of all bodybuilding sportsmen. Conclusions: concluded from this study that the stimulants which used by bodybuilding sportsmen have risk effects on the liver and kidneys functions.