Evaluation of Patients with Thyroid Diseases in Baquba City According to Thyroid Function Tests

Abstract

Background: Thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland which is consists of right and left lobes connected by a narrow isthmus, the weight of this gland is 10-20g in normal adult .The function of thyroid gland is to secret T3, T4 under control of TSH. Thyroid hormones help to regulate the body metabolism. Diseases of thyroid are common affecting 5% of population. The disease either change in thyroid hormones secretion or structural changes such as in goiter with or without abnormal thyroid function.Objective: To determine the common causes of thyroid diseases in Diyala province according to thyroid function tests.Patients and Methods: A total number was 2973 patients presented with thyroid diseases at Baquba teaching hospital laboratory unit and private Ibn-alhaitham laboratory sending from specialized doctors, were included in this study 647 male and 2326 females.Results: A total of 2973 patients were included in this study, 2326 (78.24%) were female, and647 (21.76%) were males. According to thyroid diseases the results of percent work demonstrated that 2611(87.82%) patients from total patients 2973 were euthyroid (normal thyroid function), 213patients (7.16%) were hypothyroid and 149 patients (5.01%) were hyperthyroid. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences among them.Conclusion: Thyroid disease one of common endocrine diseases after diabetes mellitus, most thyroid diseases is euthyroid then hypothyroid followed by hyperthyroid. Thyroid diseases was more common in female than male.