THE EFFECT OF USING THELEN SAMPLE IN THE ACHIEVEMENT OF 8TH YEAR GIRL STUDENTS IN GEOGRAPHY AND DEVELOPING THEIR META COGNITION THINKING

Abstract

The research aims at identifying the effects of using Thelen sample in the achievement of 8th year girl students in geography and developing their meta cognition thinking. The research is limited to test 8th year girl students in Duhok city for the academic year (2013-2014). The sample of the research was chosen deliberately from ( Siver and Gulistan) schools and consisted of 61 girl students from equal groups concerning. The first experimental group was chosen and consisted of 27 students studied according to Thelen sample while the second group was chosen and consisted of 34 students studied the same subject according to the traditional followed method. To achieve the goals of the research and to carry out its experiment, the researcher prepared a group of lesson plans for both groups, the experimental and the controlled. And to test its hypothesis, two tools were required; the first was an achievement test prepared by the researcher and consisted of 32 items in which 26 of them were multiple choice objective items with four options. And the other 6 ones were subjective (essay type) items according to Bloom classification for the levels of (remembering, understanding and applying). The researcher achieved the honesty, the psychometrical characteristics and the consistency of the items. The second tool was a test for the skills of meta cognition thinking in which the researcher adjusted it for geography from Bro test (2012) and consisted of 20 items; three items were subjective (essay kind) ones and the rest items were multiple choice objective items with three options. The researcher achieved the honesty and consistency of the items. Then she carried out the experiment in the first semester from (12.10.2013) to (26.12.2013). After that, she applied both tools and collected data and analyzed them statistically using both T-tests; the desperate and the controlled ones. The following points are the results of the experiment: 1-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of the achievement of both groups; the experimental and the controlled ones in geography in advantage of the experimental group.2-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of the development of both groups; the experimental and the controlled ones in meta cognition thinking in advantage of the experimental group.3-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of both tests pre and post in the skills of meta cognition thinking for experimental group members in advantage of the post test.4-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of both tests pre and post in the skills of meta cognition thinking for controlled group members in advantage of the post test.5-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of the achievement of both groups; the experimental and the controlled ones in geography in advantage of the experimental group.6-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of the development of both groups; the experimental and the controlled ones in meta cognition thinking in advantage of the experimental group.7-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of both tests pre and post in the skills of meta cognition thinking for experimental group members in advantage of the post test.8-A statistical difference was found between the mediums of both tests pre and post in the skills of meta cognition thinking for controlled group members in advantage of the post test.