Measuring the specific concentration of the radioactive isotopes of 40K, 137Cs and (224Ra, 226Ra, 228Ra) for selected samples from Basrah Governorate and the northwest of the Arabian Gulf

Abstract

The specific concentration of radioisotopes of Potassium 40K; Cesium 137Cs and Radium (224Ra ,226Ra, 228Ra) have been identified for soil, sediment, fish samples (Liza abu, Liza klunzingeri, Brachirus orientalius, Tylosurus crocodilus, Cyprinus carpio and Acanthopagrus arabicus) and kladophora as well as snails in the stations: Qurmat Ali; Al sadir Teaching Hospital; Umm Qasr Port and and Arabian Gulf 1 in 2016. The present study aims to detect the impact of both Chernobyl reactor explosion, Fokushima reactor destruction and the oil industries in the study region environments. The results of the soil and sediment analysis showed that there is an impact of Chernobyl accident. There are observed concentrations for the 137Cs; in addition to the effect of the oil industries in the soil, sediments, and Acanthopagrus arabicus fish and Kladophora crusbate plant. This was proved by measuring the concentrations of Radium isotopes in the amounts above the allowable rates globally and locally. The results of the current study showed that the rates of Potassium 40 were the most prominent in fish samples and the Kladophora crusbate plant, which represents the predominant radiation activity and it is within the permitted natural range. The results of this study can be considered as a basis for monitoring of the future changes.http://dx.doi.org/10.31257/2018/JKP/100116