Enamel Hypoplasia among Tikrit City School Children Aged 6 Years to 13 Years Old


Enamel hypoplasia: its deficiency could be occurring when the enamel of the tooth does notform completely; this is may be due to many diseases or malnutrition. Enamel hypoplasiacould be appear as horizontal lines or chain of grooves or pits over the outer surface of thetooth. The purpose of this current study was to find out the prevalence of enamel hypoplasiafor the permanent and deciduous teeth in primary school children in Tikrit city, becausechildren with enamel hypoplasia can suffer from cosmetic issues, tooth sensitivity andincreased risk of dental caries. This current study is cross-sectional study was conductedthrough a clinical examination of teeth among 720 children of age rang (6 to 13) yearsenrolled in primary public schools of Tikrit city; they were accepted to participate in studyafter the aim of study was explained. The prevalence of enamel hypoplasia was studied inrelation to age and gender. Diagnosis of enamel hypoplasia takes place by well traineddentist. The prevalence of enamel hypoplasia was founded to (6.2%); boys more affectedthan girls with odds ratio 1.03 and there was no statistically significant differences. Theanterior teeth were the most affected teeth with enamel hypoplasia specially the upperpermanent central incisor (2.9%). Developmental enamel hypoplasia has a high level ofimportance because of being predictors of dental caries. Children suffered from enamelhypoplasia require a preventive intervention as a priority and early treatment.