Distribution of intestinal parasitic infection in Erbil population


A survey of prevalence of intestinal parasites among the Erbil citizen was performed during the year of 2011. The setting is a community in endemic area of parasites infections without the recent previous history of antihelminthic drug distribution. Stool specimen examined for 1505 (992(65.9%) male and 513(34.1%) female) were performed for the period of 12 months (January to December) in the year 2011 in the Erbil province. A total of 1009 samples gave positive diagnoses of parasitic infection, including 494 (63.0%) males, 513 (62.2%) females’ patients. The common parasites found namely were Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lambelia, Trichomons homins and Hymenolips. While the percentage of infection with those parasites within the positives cases were 776 (76.9%), 226(22.4 %), 6(0.6%), 1(0.1%) respectively during the year. Results showed no significant differences (P. value ≥0.05) among the average parasitic infection in both sexes, while there were significant differences among months. An increase in the rates of most parasitic infection found in summer than others seasons and that’ explains the effect of high temperature in this season on increasing the parasitic growth. Highest degree of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lambelia seen in the 8th and 6th months, respectively, while Trichomonus homins and Hymenolips investigated in low rate during the year.