Distribution of intestinal parasiticinfection inErbil population

Abstract

A survey of prevalence of intestinal parasites among the Erbil citizen was performed during the year of 2011. The setting is a community inendemic area of parasites infections without the recent previous history of antihelminthic drug distribution. Stool specimen examined for 1505(992(65.9%) male and 513(34.1%) female)were performedfor the period of 12 months (January to December) in the year 2011 in the Erbil province.A total of 1009samples gave positive diagnoses of parasitic infection,including 494 (63.0%) males, 513 (62.2%) females patients.The common parasites found namely wereEntamoeba histolytica, Giardia lambelia, Trichomonas hominisandHymenolips. While the percentage of infection with those parasites within the positives cases were 776 (76.9%),226(22.4 %), 6(0.6%), 1(0.1%)respectively during the year. Results showed no significant differences (P. value ≥0.05) among the average parasitic infection in both sexes, while there were significant differences among months.An increase in the rates of most parasitic infection found in summer than others seasons and that’ explains the effect of high temperature in this season on increasing the parasitic growth.Highest degree of Entamoeba histolytica andGiardia lambeliaseen in the 8th and 6th months respectively, while Trichomonas hominisandHymenolipis nana investigated in low rate during the year.