The Impact Of Maternal Diabetes On Newborns Admitted To Neonatal Care Unit Of Maternity And Children Teaching Hospital in Al-Diwaniya city .

Abstract

Diabetes has long been associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality It's one of the commonest and important metabolic disorder that affect the health of both mother and infant . Patient and methodsTotal number of patient involved were one hundred eighty four , Ninety-nine of them were infants of diabetic mother , they were admitted to the NCU of AL-Diwaniya teaching hospital from the 1st of October 2013 to the end of march 2014. Eight-five neonates were also enrolled in this study as control (infants of non-diabetic mothers)Objective To determine the morbidities and mortality among infants of diabetic mother and to compare it to that of control.ResultThere is higher morbidity and mortality amongst IDM . Hypoglycemia was the commonest morbidity recorded (31.3%) followed by hyper bilirubinemia (13.3%) and respiratory distress (12.1%). More prolonged hospitalization had been seen amongst IDM.Conclusion There is higher frequency of morbidity and mortality amongst IDM , hence ascertain a good glycemic control to diabetic mother and providing optimal neonatal care is valuable to decrease these complications.