اشهرالسجون العراقية(1921 - 1958م)

Abstract

Abstract The phenomenon of prison and detention are not the result of modern times .But , it is linked to the existence of human since the beginning of history .Although , it didn't take this phenomenon the shape of modern prisons and detention centers ,but the primitive tribes had known the captured and detention from period of time .Then ,this phenomenon gradually taking hold even its features are clear during the pre-Islamic era. The people were complaining of torture encountered by prisoners in their detention and M hajerhm .The phenomenon has crystallized in the era of Islam through the Caliphate period and two ages Umayyed And A bbasid and of the emergence of the modern state which has seen the harshest prisons .As the ruling authority pursued as repressive Include various national elements that confronted and opposed the policy under the authority of occupation in violation of the Iraqi constitution which guarantees the personal freedom for all of Iraq's population of exposure and intervention according to the item number 7 .They can not be arrested or someone arrested or punished or forced to switch domicile , subjected to restriction s or force him to military service just according to the law. Either torture or exile Iraqis out of Iraqi kingdom is absolutely forbidden . All kinds of arrests which have been applied show a clear violation of human rights. At the instigation of the British government prisons detention centers appeared in the remote and deserted areas .This is happened after the failure of The movement of Mayes 1941.So, the aims of Abd Al-ALLAh are gathered with the aims of British government that try to do her best to bring all the leaders to Baghdad and handed them to the Iraqi government which put them in Abo –Greab prison to be punished in death sentenced by the ruling of Norri Al-Said .Also , to take all communist prisoners away and put them in Nagrat Al-Selman .