Chaos Algorithm versus Traditional and Optimal Approaches for Regulating Line Frequency of Steam Power System


Load Frequency Control (LFC) is a basic control strategy for proper operation of the power system. It ensures the ability of each generator in regulating its output power in such way to maintain system frequency and tie-line power of the interconnected system at prescribed levels. This article introduces comprehensive comparative study between Chaos Optimization Algorithm (COA) and optimal control approaches, such as Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR), and Optimal Pole Shifting (OPS) regarding the tuning of LFC controller. The comparison is extended to the control approaches that result in zero steady-state frequency error such as Proportional Integral (PI) and Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controllers. Ziegler-Nicholas method is widely adopted for tuning such controllers. The article then compares between PI and PID controllers tuned via Ziegler-Nicholas and COA. The optimal control approaches as LQR and OPS have the characteristic of steady-state error. Moreover, they require the access for full state variables. This limits their applicability. Whereas, Ziegler-Nicholas PI and PID controllers have relatively long settling time and high overshoot. The controllers tuned via COA remedy the defects of optimal and zero steady-state controllers. The performance adequacy of the proposed controllers is assessed for different operating scenarios. Matlab and its dynamic platform, Simulink, are used for stimulating the system under concern and the investigated control techniques. The simulation results revealed that COA results in the smallest settling time and overshoot compared with traditional controllers and zero steady-state error controllers. In the overshoot, COA produces around 80% less than LQR and 98.5% less than OPS, while in the settling time, COA produces around 81% less than LQR and 95% less than OPS. Moreover, COA produces the lowest steady-state frequency error. For Ziegler-Nicholas controllers, COA produces around 53% less in the overshoot and 42% less in the settling time.