Mitigate PAPR Effect in Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Using Companding Technique


orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is emerging asthe leading technology for high data rates. The OFDM based on multicarriertransmission that transforms a wideband channel into a group of thin-bandchannels. The high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) considers the maindrawback factor in this system, so the companding technique modifies theamplitude of OFDM signal to reduce this factor. The proposed A-lawcompanding technique has been implemented in intensity modulation/directdetection optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (IM/DDOOFDM).The proposed companding scheme guarantees the improvedperformance in terms of bit error rate (BER) and quality factor (QF) whilereducing PAPR effectively and efficiently by modifying the amplitude of thetransmitted signals. Our results confirm that the suggested scheme exhibits agood ability to reduce PAPR and a good BER performance based on the use theA factor. At the complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF) of 10-3, the PAPR value of our proposed scheme is about 4.4 dB lower than those ofun-companded signal at best control factor used of A at 87.6, accordingly theQF is 2.5 dB and the BER is 6.2×10-3 at a distance 900km without anyequalization technique or training sequence or any channel estimation.