Toxoplasmosis and Cytomegalovirus Infection among Aborted Women in Al-Anbar Governorate


Abstract :
Background: Toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus infection constitutes a major economic and public health problem in the world particulary in the developing countries including the Middle East due to the high rate of morbidity and mortality especially., among pregnant women and patients.
Objective: This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis and infection among aborted women in order to establish basic knowledge for future pregnancy care.
Materials and Methods: A total number of 340 blood samples (230 samples from aborted women and 110 samples from normal pregnant women as control was collected and tested for the presence of IgG and IgM concering Toxoplasma gondii and CMV.
Results: A significant higherrate of IgG and IgM specific for Toxoplasma (58.3% and 8.3%) among aborted women than control women (36.4% and 2.7%), respectively. A higher seropositivity rates of anti-CMV IgG (90.4%) and IgM (6.1%) in aborted women than in normal control women (82.7% and 3.6%), respectively. The overall prevalence of toxoplasmosis and CMV infection was increased with increasing age of aborted women and frequency of recurrent of abortion .The rates of toxoplasmosis and CMV infection were higher among abortd women living in rural areas than those living in urban areas.
Conclusion: Toxoplasmosis as well as CMV infection are more prevalent among aborted women