The Effect of Pregnancy on Unstimulated Salivary Calcium and Magnesium Concentration


Background and objectives: Gingivitis is the most prevalent oral problem associated with pregnancy, in addition to several salivary changes. This study was designed to find the effect of pregnancy on salivary chemical factors (calcium and magnesium concentrations)and flow rate, and compare the results with that of non-pregnant women.Methods: The samples consist of (118) females with age ranged from (20– 40) years (84 pregnant and 34 control, non-pregnant women). After collection of un stimulated saliva, the concentration of calcium and magnesium, and salivary flow rate were measured.Results: The means of salivary flow rate, calcium and magnesium concentrations of pregnantand non-pregnant women were statistically non significant. There were non-significant difference between the means of each parameter with the age group of pregnant women and the gestation age. Non-significant difference between the means of each parameterwith the trimester of pregnancy.Conclusion: All factors showed non-significant differences between pregnant and non -pregnant women.