Landscape Design to Three Residential Complexes in Sulaimani City


With the development and evolution of human technology in the aspects of life, such as buildings, special attention was paid to the gardens and open spaces, therefore they became an important part of the residential complexes. The research was conduccted in three samples were German Village, Hawari Zanko and Kurd City in Sulaimani city, during the periods between Mar. 15 th 2015 to Feb. 15 th 2016 ,to know the area of the green spaces, the gardens and its aesthetic aspect, the open spaces and the various recreational activities, as well as the necessities for maintenance services and their design in light of international and local standards . In theoretcal framwork were clarified the concept of green areas and gardens in residential complexes , the various recreational activities of gardens and its efficiency inside residential complexes and demonstrates the concept of landscape design with the characteristics of design and international and local standards for green areas . In the case study contains the field research on the analysis of the reality of green areas and gardens comprising personal observations, interviews, blueprint analysis through the use of three samples from the residential complexes in Sulaimani city and questionnaires which we calculated in percentage form, statistical analysis and compared them to the actual area of green spaces implemented in the residential complexes. The research obtained several objectives, the most important of which is that the green areas, studied inside residential complexes were not according to standards, neglected and used as storage for generators, water tanks, and garbage. These spacious areas were not taken advantage of for rest and recreation like strolling areas, children's playgrounds, ponds and water fountains. We could see that the small area of green spaces is not sufficient for the needs of the residents. Also the results of three samples showed that the area of green spaces implemented was not sufficient, German Village contained 34% green areas as compared to Kurd City which only contained 15% and Hawari Zanko 6%. We could see that German Village is almost sufficient , and 65.35% of residents thought the presence of green areas was “bad” and 97.3% said that there are no children’s playgrounds in the complexes, while 65.82% were not pleased with maintenance and services , and 77.66% said the presence of sitting areas was not enough, and 80.82% were not pleased with the amount of walkways, while 84.1% thought that the areas for exercise and fitness were not sufficient. During analysis of results the research reached several recommendations and advices that can be beneficial for the blueprint design of gardens and green areas of residential complexes. It also contains the redesigning of some of the vacant and neglected areas of all three complexes , according to the needs and desires of the inhabitants, with the application of local standards as much as.