Functional Status of Patient with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is among the top infectious causes of death worldwide. Patients with treated TB may remain lifelong sufferers of disabling sequelae of the disease which subsequently impair their quality of life.Aims of study: The present study aimed to assess the functional status of patient with pulmonary tuberculosis and to and the relationship between the patients functional status and their Socio-demographic data which as (Residence, Gender, Age, Occupation, Socio-economic status, Duration of disease, number of previous hospitalization and Smoking). Methodology: A descriptive study was used to achieve the study objectives. The study was started from March, 4th, 2018 to Sept., 11th, 2018. The study is conducted in a City of Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf in Consultant Clinic for tuberculosis and Chest Diseases. A non-probability accidental sample of thirty patients with pulmonary tuberculosis who are selected from patients whose visit the Consultant Clinic for T.B. and Chest Diseases in "Al-Hakeem General Hospital". Data collected on structured questionnaire planned specifically for this study, and it is consist of two parts: Part one Included Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical data, and Part two Include (5) domain related to functional status for patient with pulmonary tuberculosis. The study instrument validity is conducted through a panel of experts who have years of experience in nursing field. Data analysis by using descriptive and inferential statistics (percentage, frequency, mean of score and Chi-Square)Results: The study results revealed that the overall assessment for the patients' response to the functional status domains is acceptable. Also there was no-significant relationship between the study subject functional status and their demographic data except with the study subject residency and age. Conclusions: The study concluded that the patients living in urban residential area are more vulnerable to get pulmonary tuberculosis than those living in rural area and males also more vulnerable to get pulmonary tuberculosis than females. Recommendations: improved the role of physician and nurse to take their roles toward instruct patient toward their disease and how to dealing problems to achieve the highly quality of life and continuous follow-up for all tuberculosis patients especially those who live in urban area.Key wards: assessment, patient, pulmonary tuberculosis.