A biotic balance of objects with nature as an architectural destination: (Marsh houses as case study)


The biotic balance is a special strategy followed by the building, which helps it to stay and interact, and perform vital functions at a constant and natural rate under suitable conditions or the possibility of making them suitable, in the light of the general trend that seeks to preserve nature, as a result of the emergence of concepts of sustainability and green architecture and applied models of polarization outside the environment Which resulted in buildings that are not compatible with the environment and thus reduced environmental performance of the building, emerged the research problem of "lack of knowledge about the mechanisms of living organisms to achieve a biological balance with the surrounding nature." The main objective of the research was to "build a cognitive perception about the mechanisms by which living organisms create a biological balance with the surrounding environment." Therefore, the main research hypothesis was that there is a similarity between the mechanisms used by living organisms to balance the surrounding nature and the architectural solutions that the architect must follow to achieve the same Harmony with the surrounding nature, "and therefore adopted the methodology of research on two parts: First: the theoretical study, which includes the introduction of concepts and considerations related to the concept of biological balance, and knowledge of the mechanisms used by living organisms and try to apply in the field of architecture, The study concluded that the strategies of living organisms in dealing with the surrounding environment, along with the automatic architecture of marsh homes, is the basis of the main hypothesis and its applicability.