The Study of NDVI Fluctuation in Southern Iraq (Hor Ibn Najim) Using Remote Sensing Data

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the nature of the land cover in the area of Hor Ibn Najim and its surroundings. These changes had occurred changes in the environmental conditions between 1986 and 2016. Remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques were used to monitor changes in the region as well as changes in NDVI values. Satellite images of Landsat 5 and 7 with sensors TM and ETM +, were used respectively. The extraction of land covers in the region was executed by the application of the supervised classification processes. The area has been classified in to six main land categories (water bodies, low density of vegetation cover, high density of vegetation cover, wetlands, abandoned land, and land suitable of agriculture).