Effects of Different Core Thickness on The Microhardness of Lithium- Disilicate Glass Ceramic


Lithium disilicate is the major crystal phase, and be composed of needle-resemble crystals. These crystals are measured from 3 to 6 μm in length. In general, E.maxpress properties are very slightly uppermost crystals found in E.max-CAD because of the larger and longer crystals. Due to the materials that have different firing temperatures (820⁰C for E.max-press). The objective of this study is to estimate the effect of various thickness on the hardness of a sample prepared by lithium disilicate glassceramic material.Materials and methods Thirty disc-shaped wax patterns wereprepared with three core thickness of (0.5mm, 1mm and 1.5mm). All the specimens fabricated with 10mm in diameter and designed according to the ISO specification 6872. Vickers diamond indenter has widely utilized in this study in accordance with the micro-hardness tester device. Results The present data were analyzed statistically using SPSS (V-22). One-way ANOVA and (LSD) test show that the mean values of 0.5mm core thickness was of 800(±120), while the mean value of 1mm core thickness was of 1229 (±139), and that of 1.5mm core thickness was 1117(±221).Conclusions the results showed that the lithium disilicate glass ceramic material had more advanced surface hardness at thickness of 1mm than that of 0.5mm and 1.5mm thickness of the same materials.