Measurement study of abdominal waist circumference among type 2 diabetes mellitus in Kirkuk city population


ABSTRACT: Background: Prior studies have supported that waist circumference (WC) correlates with abdominal (central) obesity and values higher than normal are associated with increased prevalence of type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) . Objective: To evaluate the association of waist circumference (WC) with increased prevalence of (T2DM) among population in Kirkuk city.Research design and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of 776 men and women 40-70 years of age from Kirkuk city. The relationship between (WC) and blood glucose was assessed .The(WC) was measured in centimeter , together with other data designed in the data sheet for this study , (T2DM) people were identified and recorded .Patients who had Diabetes Mellitus and coexistence of any other serious illness were excluded from the study. Results: (WC) was positively correlated with blood glucose .out of 776 participants , 221(28.5%) had increased (WC) ,this included 59 (26.7%) (T2DM) ,compared with 555 (71.5%) participants with normal (WC),this included32 (5.8%) diabetics .Increasing (WC) were significantly associated with increased prevalence of (T2DM) in the Kirkuk populations(P < 0.05). Conclusions: Increasing waist circumference was significantly associated with increased prevalence of (T2DM) ,Substantial reduction in diabetes in men and women is achievable if the (WC) is decreased in these populations.