Buckling Analysis of Hybrid Laminated Composite Beam Analytically and Numerically

Abstract

Composite materials become more attractive for researches because of higher strength to weight ratio. As a result, many papers have recently published in this field. The current study deals with improving the resistance of hybrid laminated composite beam under critical buckling load. A number of carbon layers under various orientation angle and positions of hybrid fiber coupled with glass epoxy layers have been studied analytically and numerically. Firstly, an analytical model is presented by using Euler's theory to determine critical buckling load. Then, a 3D finite element models for the composite beams have been simulated by using ANSYS commercial program. The results show a very good agreement between theoretical and FEM (finite volume method). The critical buckling load, shows a proportional with increase the carbon layers number as same time the critical buckling load value shows a valuable decrease when the position of carbon layer insert towards the mid-plane more ever, this value various with orientation angle changing.