Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency of Females in Karbala, Iraq, 2017


Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a significant public health problem in both developed and developing countries. women have higher rate of vitamin D deficiency than men because of inadequate exposure to sunlight and low nutritional intake so put them at risk of many vit-amin D deficiency related diseases and have clinical implications for the growth of children and adolescents, for pregnant women and their offspring, and is important for public health authorities. Aim & objectives: the aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D status of females in Karbala and to identify some risk factors for vitamin D deficiency. Methods: this cross-sectional study included 355 female aged 12-30 years in Karbala city and was carried out in primary health care centers which were randomly selected, from the begin-ning of March to the end of July 2017. females were included from rural and urban areas. La-boratory testing was done for all females of the study group.Results: The results showed (87%) of the females had low level of vitamin D in front of only 13% of them had sufficient vitamin D. There was a statistically significant association be-tween vitamin D level among females conducted in the study and economic status of them, amount of milk taking per week, parity and with the duration of sun exposure.Conclusion: the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among females in Holly Karbala City and the sole factors that affect vitamin D level include the following: Economic status, amount of milk taking per week, parity and duration of sun exposure.