EFFECT OF POWER ON HOLE QUALITY OF UNDERWATER GLASS DRILLING USING CO2 LASER

Abstract

The aim of this paper to study the effect of power on the drilling of soda lima glass (SLG) using under water laser drilling technique. A 1.15 mm thickness SLG sheets were immersed 1mm below the water surface, then irradiated with CW CO2 laser. The laser parameters used were (24, 25 and 26) W power, (5, 7.5 and 10) sec and exposure time and (1, 2and 3) pulses. Were determined using images for samples and study quality of holes using images. These ones of the dimensional of hole and crack length measured by image j program of the samples, it was watched that hole diameter and the length of cracks could be regulated by the power, time and no. of pulses. When power or pulses were increased, the hole diameter increased. The length of cracks decreased with increased no. of pulses and increased when the power increased. The small hole was 0.469mm found at working power (24) W, five sec and one pulse for hole diameter. While, the minimum crack length was 0.4mm found at three pulse, five sec. and 24 W power. In addition, the parameters were analyzed statistically using design of expert software, Box Behnken design from surface response methodology and the results were significant.