A Review of Plasmonic Photonic Crystal Fiber


Nanophotonics technology is the study of the confinement of electromagnetic fields on a subwavelength scale and surface plasmons plays a major role in advancing this arising field. They can take various forms, ranging from freely propagating electron density waves along metal surfaces to localized electron oscillations on metal nanoparticles. The interaction between the free electrons' oscillations and electromagnetic waves of light gives the surface plasmons their appealing characteristics. Their ability of light confinement and propagation through subwavelength structures grants the construction of photonic devices with minimum size, hence the characterize and design of plasmonic devices can be resolved using numerical simulation. This review starts with general introduction about Plasmonic photonic crystal fiber. This is followed by a historical background and literature review of Plasmonic PCF. Some types of designs are illustrated. Finally, the applications of Plasmonic PCF are mentioned dependent on the types of design including the circular plasmonic photonic crystal fiber technique.