National Grid Connected 3-Phase Inverter based on Photovoltaic Solar System

Abstract

In this paper, a national grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is proposed. It extracts the maximum power point (MPP) using three-incremental-steps perturb and observe (TISP&O) maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method. It improves the classic P&O by using three incremental duty ratio (ΔD) instead of a single one in the conventional P and O MPPT method. Therefore, the system's performance is improved to a higher speed and less power fluctuation around the MPP. The Boost converter controls the MPPT and then is connected to a three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI). This type of inverter needs a high and constant input voltage. A second-order low pass (LC) filter is connected to the output of VSI to reduce the total harmonic distortion (THD) of the output current. The LC filter is then connected to a step-up transformer to push up the low VSI output voltage to the high grid voltage level. The control strategy is based on the rotating reference frame (dq reference frame) and the grid phase shift angle extracted using a phase-locked loop (PLL) technique. The designed PV system supplies only active power with zero reactive power to the utility grid. The system is simulated using MATLAB / Simulink software.