Epidemiological Study of Giardia Intestinalis parastie Among Children with Diarrhea in Duhok


The current study included 926 faecal specimens for children with diarrhea who attended Dohuk Teaching Hospital, Maternity and Children Hospital, and some health centres and local laboratories in Dohuk governorate during the period June 2019 till February 2020 and with exclusively for the 1-12-year age groups. The current study showed that the total incidence of Giardia was 5.16% (52 samples out of 926 samples). It was examined by direct wet wipe and the method of flotation using light microscopy to detect the feeding and parasitic stages of the parasite, which were found in various faecal samples. The microscopic results examination showed that the infection rate among males was higher than that of females, 6.12% and 5. 11%, respectively, the highest rate of infection was recorded in the age group 2-4 years, and the lowest percentage was in the age group 8-10 years, 46. 15% and 5.67%, respectively. As for the monthly distribution of infection, the highest incidence was recorded in June and the lowest incidence was in January, at 10. 09% and 1. 92%, respectively. The infection was twice higher among the residents of rural areas, compared to the urban population with 7.07% and 4. 45%, respectively, and the results of the statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences at the probability level at 0.05.