Serum Levels of Total IgE and Interleukin-13 in a Sample of Allergic Asthma Patients in Baghdad

Abstract

Allergic asthma is a type of asthma that provokes symptoms when an individual is exposed to certain triggers, such as pollen, animal sources of allergens, and other various types of allergens. These allergens cause an immune response that influences lungs and leads to difficulties in breathing. The current study is performed to estimate the concentrations of immunoglobulin E (IgE) and interleukin-13 (IL-13), tested by using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the numbers of eosinophils, calculated by using hematological analyzers, in the blood of patients with allergic asthma. A total of 150 patients and 50 healthy individuals were randomly selected for the study. The results revealed that IgE and IL-13 levels as well as eosinophil percentage were significantly increased (p<0.001) in the patients in comparison to the healthy individuals. These parameters deem to be a key element in allergic asthma pathogenesis. They also help in the diagnosis and management of the disease.