A geopolitical analysis of Turkish relations and its regional environment in the Middle East region Reality and challenges


international relationship and give it the art of maneuvering in more than one region as it dominates a very large area as its importance comes from the confluence of the two continents of Asia and Europe, and separates it from the northern coasts of the African continent the Mediterranean, as this geographical location is granted Unique to Turkey is of great importance in addition to its regional and international standing It is characterized by geopolitical and strategic characteristics, which raises the question of the nature of Turkey's regional role towards the Middle East and the reasons for this trend, as well as the impact of the natural and human characteristics of Turkey and the Middle East on their direction, if we realize the fact that Turkey has been since the Justice and Development Party took power and its orientations towards the Islamic world and its role in changing the structure of Turkish relations With its regional neighborhood from 2002 to 2019 with reference to the contradictions resulting from regional and international changes that occurred in the region, as a result of the failure of its policy due to interference in the problems, which produced contradictions and complications during the rule of the Justice and Development Party. This was reflected in the future of the relationship in light of regional and international changes. Therefore, the importance of this study lies through the comprehensive geographical view on the influence of political geography on those international relations according to the spatial space that reflects the geographical and political dimension of Turkish relations and its regional surroundings in accordance with the principle of diplomatic cooperation economically and militarily, and the aspiration of Turkey to extend logistical influence in the Middle East region in a way A year and its neighboring countries in particular, in addition to the aggravation of the political crisis that the countries of the Middle East are going through in light of political and economic changes that led to the subjugation of several Arab cities to the control of terrorist groups, which made these countries in a weak point for the manufacture of For a political decision Consequently, Turkey has worked to develop a rapid strategy to limit the penetration of these groups towards the Turkish interior and limit its regional and international role, which has become clear how it is nourished from its external agendas working hard for political instability, according to a global strategy adopted by the United States of America towards the regions that possess a spatial and political sense And activating these terrorist groups to serve them in order to maximize nationalism over identity and sect over religion, in light of the destruction of those areas, which embody the reality and greatness of its population throughout history and in the various countries of the Middle East region from the perspective of political geography.