Study the phnotypic and productive characters of seven selected genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cv. (Kabuli and Desi) under rainfall conditions in Sulaimani Province, Iraq

Abstract

Seven selected chickpea genotypes, (Kabuli and Desi) varieties, were cultivated in the winter season and spring seasons in experimental fields of Bakrajo Technical Institute-Sulaymani Polytechnic University for growing season 2019/2020. Vegetative, productive, and infection by chickpea pod borer characters for genotypes were studied and compared characters of Kabuli's five genotypes with the two Desi genotypes. There were significant differences between vegetative and productive characters, the Brazilian winter genotype had the highest plant height (45.9 cm), and the number of primary and secondary branches had the highest for the Red Desi genotype (20.0) branches. This genotype was the highest in number of pods per plant (53.7) pods.plant-1. The maturity period was the longest for winter genotypes by (190-195) days while was the shortest for spring genotypes by (120-126) days in this area. Brazilian winter and Red Desi genotypes showed a high productivity recorded (1803, 1697) kg.ha-1, respectively. The Brazillian and Bazyan genotypes had the highest weight of hundred seeds (45.34, 42.36 gm), respectively. The local high product genotype had a high amount of hay (3762) kg. ha-1 regarding straw production, the straw and seed production had a positive relationship with dry and wet weight for all genotypes. The chickpea borer infection was about 1.9% in the Bazyan genotype and at 0.1% for the Philip3 genotype that made seed injury and decreased the products.