Assessment and Evaluation of Hydrochloric Acid Microabrasion on Enamel and its Effect on Microleakage of Anterior Restorations


Aims: was to evaluate the effect of microabrasion on teeth, to determine the effect of using 2 types of composite resins and influence of storage time on microleakage of composite restorations after microabrasion before making a restoration. Materials and Methods: Forty premolar teeth extracted were used, the teeth were microabrased and composite restorations were made at certain times after microabrasion according to the different groups of the study, a standard cavity was prepared on the two surfaces of the teeth that were restored with either a microhybrid or nanoceramic composite restoration, the teeth were subjected to thermocycling, and sectioned buccolingually longitudinally. Marginal leakage was evaluated using a dye penetration method. Results: Least microleakage scores were observed when the teeth were restored without microabrasion, microleakage increased after microabrasion with no statistically significant difference for the occlusal site for both materials, while a significant difference was seen in favor of Tetric N ceram at the cervical sites. No difference in microleakage scores were observed regardless of the time of restoration after microabrasion, there was no significant difference in microleakage scores depending on the type of the material .Conclusion: given the limitations of this study, there was an increase in levels of microleakage after microabrasion of teeth, regardless of the time of application of the restoration, microleakage was higher in gingival margins in all the groups, and no significant difference in microleakage scores depending on the type of material at the occlusal margin.