The 1976's Soweto Uprising and its impact on the student movement in South Africa


Abstract The Soweto Uprising of 1976 was one of the most important militant activities carried out by black students in South Africa against the racist policies and measures of the white South African government in the field of black education. There were many reasons for these young and ambitious students to declare their uprising, which turned into riots, violence and confrontations between the uprisers and the government police forces. It resulted in hundreds of victims, thousands of wounded, the arrest of thousands more protesters, and great losses of public and private property. Despite the lack of political awareness and weak organization, the uprising succeeded in abolishing the imposition of the Afrikaans language as a language for instruction in South African schools, and in developing black awareness, solidarity and black unity, so that the student movement’s struggle continued until their struggle culminated in the abolition of the separate education system (Bantu) and the policies of apartheid permanently in 1994. In line with the methodology of historical research, I divided my research into the introduction, four paragraphs, and a conclusion. The first paragraph included: the causes of the outbreak of the Soweto uprising, the second paragraph dealt with: the outbreak of the Soweto uprising, and the third paragraph: it is to study the results of the Soweto uprising, while the fourth paragraph came: the effect of the Soweto uprising on the student movement’s struggle.