أدارة الثروات الطبيعية في العراق من قبل السلطة الاتحادية(النفط والغاز)انموذجا

Abstract

After 2003 the shape of the state changed from simple to federal state which consists of the center and territory of Kurdistan. The process of natural wealth management (such as: oil and gas) was the specialization of the government in the Capital since establishing of Iraqi State. Naturally, it does not allow to any side the intervention considering the oil is the possession of the public. Moreover, the government is the public’s Ideal in managing these possessions . On the contrary, the Legislations that appeared after (2003) took into consideration new orientations which depend on the harmony between the Centre and the Territory. The vagueness, inexplicitness, and the desire of each side in consisting on his opinions. The other factor that contributed in not resolving the dispute is the absence of Federal legislation which arranges the current situation in spite of the Provision for it in the Iraqi constitution in force under the Article (112). Despite of the orientation of the Territory and the publication of Oil_ Gas law, still the Controversy rages over the contracts that held on by the Territory with national oil companies as well as the defense of the Central state on its righteousness in this administration. Especially, the oil represents the backbone of the Public budget and the basic axis for the incomes in the country that depends on it in covering on most of or all the expenses of the s