The effect of sustainable leadership in achieving proactive behavior An analytical study of the views of a sample of Iraqi private university teachers


This study seeks to test the impact of sustainable leadership relationship represented by (coherent diversity, organizational justice, employee development, work-life balance, orientation towards progress) in proactive behavior, represented by (employee voice, taking responsibility, preventing the occurrence of problems, individual creativity). A hypothesis model was suggested, which was followed by a group of hypotheses that were subjected to multiple tests to ensure their validity. The study used the questionnaire as an essential tool for accessing the data and information. As an appropriate approach, the study used a descriptive-analytical approach and it was used to enhance and support these concepts. The research was conducted in Iraqi private universities were represented by (Al-Hadbaa University College, Nowruz University, Al-Noor University College, Bayan University). The research community reached (557) lecturers, from whom a non-random sample was chosen (intentionally) by (316) lecturers and with various scientific titles (assistant lecturer, lecturer, associate professor, and professor). The data were analyzed by using the statistical program AMOS V.23 to get a set of the results were whereby drafted a set of conclusions and recommendations that confirming the significant effect among the studied variants.