Salman Sheikh Dawood, his social history and political and parliamentary activity in Iraq(1897-1977)


The research sheds light on the personality of Salman Sheikh Dawood, a journalist, lawyer and politician, who held several positions in the early stages of his life, including: Director of the Fadl School, clerk at the Court of First Instance in 1918, and Secretary of the Capital Municipality in 1922. In the same year, he left the job and went to the press and the legal profession. He worked in the Iraqi press and wrote in the political, social and literary fields in several magazines and newspapers, including: “Al-Tong” magazine, “Al-Hilal” magazine, and “Al-Nahda” newspaper. He became director of Al-Mada'ab newspaper, and chairman and editor-in-chief of Al-Takadum newspaper. He published the newspaper “Al-Naqid” in 1929, and became director of “The Friday Post” newspaper in 1947. Salman criticized Sheikh Daoud politics in his articles, as he wrote an article entitled (The Secret of Their Survival), in which he indicated that the men of power during the reign of Jaafar's second military ministry (November 21, 1926 - January 8, 1928) adhered to their chairs and their love for their positions was the secret of their survival without They present worthy works that are mentioned, and he wrote another article entitled (Balagha Balagh) criticizing the government's policy of restricting freedom of expression and its policy of silencing the voices, criticizing the charges that the Ministry assigned to the newspaper and its writers, describing them as false. He participated in six electoral rounds. He won in the seventh session for the Diwaniyah Brigade, in the tenth session for the Baghdad Brigade, and in the eleventh electoral cycle for Diyala. He was elected in the twelfth round for the Amara Brigade after the resignation of Ibrahim al-Shabandar, and in the fifth and sixteenth rounds for the Amara Brigade as well. He turned from a defender of the government to a praise, and this was evident when his father, Ahmed al-Sikh Dawood, assumed the position of Minister of Awqaf, as his writings had always attacked the government and its procedures, but his criticism of this did not continue, especially after he became a government representative and was a defender of the government, the House of Representatives. After the July 14 Revolution, he was arrested for a while, after which he was released from politics and returned to the legal profession.