A Clinical and Histopathological Study of Skin Cancer in Patients At Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital


BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is an uncontrolled skin cell growth. It most often forms on regions of the skin that are exposed to the rays of the sun. Skin cancer impacts people of all colors and races although there is a higher risk for those with fair skin who develop quick sun burns. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are three major types. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the outcomes of histopathological analysis of skin biopsies and their correlation with age, patient gender and frequency of the three types of skin cancer.PATIENTS AND PROCEDURES: A Retrospective cross sectional study was carried out in the Al-Kindy teaching hospital's clinical laboratory. In this study, surgical specimens of skin lesions that were collected from 2015 through 2018 by open biopsy of all patients were selected. Seventy cases of 39 female and 31 male patients have been reviewed.RESULTS: Out of 70 sample of skin biopsies, female percentage was 55.71% (no:39), while male percentage was 44.29% (no:31). The commonest type of skin cancer was basal cell carcinoma (68.6%) followed by squamous cell carcinoma (22.9%), followed by melanoma (8.6%). The peak incidence of BCC was at age 50-59 yrs. & 60-69 yrs. The peak incidence of SCC was at age 60-69 yrs. While melanoma occur in different groups of age mostly in 30-39 and 60-69 years age group. The peak incidence of BCC and SCC was at year 2016.CONCLUSION: Skin cancer is more in female than male and more at age 50-70 year. The commonest type of skin cancer was BCC followed by SCC followed by melanoma.