Optimizing And Comparative of Polymer-45S5BG and Polymer- HA Coating by Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD)


In this study, two systems of bio-ceramic coating (45S5 bioactive glass and hydroxyapatite) were used in order to compare between them for biomedical applications. Each system consists from two layers of coating done by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) technique on 316L stainless steel material as substrate. Two types of biopolymers were used (Chitosan with Gelatin) as first layer of coating. Taguchi approach with L9 array was used in order to choose the best conditions (concentrations, voltage and time) for coating layers. Each system consists of two-layer (biopolymer (first layer) and bioceramic (second layer)) materials. The optimum parameters for first layer of biopolymer were (3g/L concentration, 20 voltage and 3 minute) while optimum parameters for second layer of bioceramic group (6g/L concentration, 30 voltage and 1 minute) for 45S5 BG system and (6g/L concentration, 40 voltage and 1 minute) for HA system. Zeta potential test were employed to measure suspensions stability. The tape test method was used to evaluate the adhesion between substrate and coating layers, the results show that the percentage of removal area for optimum coating layer (biopolymer, 45S5 BG and HA 8.06%, 10.668%, 6.01% subsequently). XRD inspection was used for identify the phases of coating layers. The Cyclic polarization test was used for evaluation of pitting corrosion resistance, the results show all layers gives good corrosion resistance but 45S5BG system gives the best corrosion resistance when compared with HA system.