Biochemical Changes of Serum Liver Enzymes (Aspartate aminotransferase, Alanine aminotransferase and Alkaline phosphatase) in Cigarette Smokers in Mosul.


Cigarette smoking cause many effects in human body. These effects can be studied by measurement of various biochemical parameters in the blood. In the present study (3) biochemical parameters (aspartate aminotransferase AST , alanine aminotransferase ALT ,and alkaline phosphatase ALP) had been measured in blood of 139 apparently healthy volunteers ,including 88 smokers ( 55 males and 33 females ) and 51 nonsmokers as a control group ,in order to investigate the effect of cigarette smoking on these liver enzymes , and comparison the mean enzymes activities between male and female smokers .It is found a significant increase of serum AST, ALT and ALP activity noticed in smokers compared with nonsmokers ,and no significant changes was found in mean activity of serum AST , ALT and ALP between male and female smokers.