The importance of good governance in promoting national identity and building the Iraqi state

Abstract

Since 1921, the Iraqi state has faced political instability reflected in the absence of a good system ofgovernment, There were (23)government formed during the royal period, the 1958 revolution and theestablishment of the first republic Then came the military coups and the darkness of dictatorship and tyrannyintensified since (1979-2003) under the fifth republic. The regime practiced the most heinous oppression,oppression and oppression of the Iraqi people. Iraq's international relations with all neighboring countriesand the international community have worsened, And put Iraq under a comprehensive and devastating siegeand absent strategic plans and development projects and deepened the scientific, economic and cultural gapbetween Iraq and the world. Then came the occupation period after 2003, when the United States embarkedon implementing its destructive plan for the Middle East and made Iraq a starting point for tearing apart itscountries, because it is the weakest link after it grinded the bones of its people in the first and second GulfWar and the siege, Then the page of occupation in 2003, during which the United States applied theories(shock, horror, creative chaos and failed state) that produced a state of corruption and political quotas and thestate of denominations and sects and nationalities and boredom and bees and this is the problem of research. As for the hypothesis of the research, the researchers believe that putting the standards of goodgovernance into practice in Iraq, especially the rule of law, social justice, equality, participation,transparency and strategic vision in planning and development and providing security and the establishmentof the state of citizenship and institutions is the shortest way to address the issue of the political system inIraq. The researchers relied on the analytical and historical approach in addressing the research problem andachieving its objectives structure included a comprehensive introduction and two papers addressed the firstconcept of good governance and the reasons for its emergence and standards, while the second dealt with thecomponents of good governance and the possibilities of its application in Iraq as well as conclusions andrecommendations and a list of margins and sources.The most important conclusions reached by the research it has been the deterioration of the reality ofgovernance in Iraq for decades, as well as the deterioration and deterioration of political reality since theoccupation in 2003 which worked to consolidate the principles of corrupt governance and marginalizationbased on sectarian, national, religious and sectarian quotas, and destroyed the already fragile state civil,military and security institutions. This led to an increase in corruption, sectarian rivalries and internationalterrorism that flowed to Iraq with Armerican- Gulf planning to turn Iraq into a failed state. It also shows thespread of poverty, unemployment and deprivation after spending tremendous funds exceeding (1 $ trillion),which requires the development of a comprehensive strategy to reform the political system based onstandards of good governance and the building of state institutions and the fight against corruption andterrorism and building military and security institutions with a national security strategy and cooperationproduced institutions are incompetent and inefficient because of distorted structure, failed training,backward and arming old. The experience that produced sectarian and ethnic blocs and parties led to morepolitical rivalry and conflict which threatened and threatened the future of the Iraqi state, This identity is thecenter of our meeting and unity, It is deeper and more than the outcome of a deep and long history, but it is a