Effectiveness of an Educational Program Concerning Premarital Screening of Fertility Tests on Student's Knowledge at University of Baghdad


Background: Premarital screening is one of the most effective ways to prevent or minimize social, emotional and financial burden on the family and society, and due to low level of knowledge about this screening among people and including university students who are the optimal sample as they come to get married. Therefore, applying educational program concerning premarital screening was successful in many parts of the world. Aims of the study: Identify the effectiveness of educational program concerning premarital screening of fertility tests on student's knowledge at Baghdad University and find out the relationship between students' knowledge and certain studied variables. Methodology: A quasi-experimental design (test - retest approach) was conducted at six colleges and its, college of political science, college of education Abn rushd, college of law, college of literature, college of media and college of language. This study was conducted during the period of 1 April 2017 to 5 May 2018. Multistage stratified random sample of (40) students for both group control and study group at Baghdad University colleges. A questionnaire, instructional booklet, guide booklet was used as a tool of data collection to fulfill with objective of the study and it is consisted of three parts. The questionnaire and content validity was carried out through the eight experts. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were used to analyze the data. Results: The findings of the study showed that the highest percentage of the students' age is (21-22) years which constitutes to (75 %) of the total sample. The results reveal that most of the students are females and constitute to (75%), (62.5%) for both study and control group respectively. In general the results show a statistical significant improvement of university student's knowledge concerning educational program concerning premarital screening of fertility tests. Conclusion: The educational program was effective and increases the knowledge of the students about premarital screening of fertility tests. Recommendations: Conducting frequent health educational programs about premarital screening among students in high schools and universities to improve their knowledge toward fertility tests.