The role of the International Committee of the Red Cross in protecting the family life of internally displaced people

Abstract

This research is concerned with showing the great importance of the family and society, especially of the internally displaced, as they are among the most difficult families that suffer from escape and flight and the accompanying pain and suffering, that preserving the family and reuniting them in all conflicts is one of the due rights in international humanitarian law, and the Geneva Convention stipulated Fourth and the first additional protocol, governments must take the necessary measures, in order to facilitate family reunification and preserve family life from dispersion, and we notice every year thousands of individuals separate from their families due to armed conflicts and they suffer difficulties due to loss and lack of communication with their loved ones, especially those who do not They know nothing about them They do not know their whereabouts and whether they are fine or not, so the International Committee of the Red Cross works in all countries of the world to preserve the family, find ways to communicate with them, restore contact between them and their families, reunite them, and ascertain the fate of the missing.International humanitarian law requires in its texts to preserve family life and its ties and to take appropriate measures for that, in order to contribute to the gathering of families and to prevent the separation of their members, which is one of the important forms of protection. The Fourth Geneva Convention referred to this on “Protected persons in all cases have the right to respect Of their persons, their honor, and their family rights, "which is a general and clear rule in respect of family rights, even in cases of detentioThe International Red Cross is one of the international non-governmental humanitarian organizations that has a stake in preserving human life, including families, so it must pay attention to the family life of internally displaced people, and in this research its legal and humanitarian role in maintaining family links was explained.