Building A Control Unit of A Series-Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle by Using A Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) Strategy


Hybrid electric vehicles have received considerable attention because of their ability to improve fuel consumption compared to conventional vehicles. In this paper, a series-parallel hybrid electric vehicle is used because they combine the advantages of the other two configurations. In this paper, the control unit for a series-parallel hybrid electric vehicle is implemented using a Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) strategy. The NMPC strategy needs to create a vehicle energy management optimization problem, which consists of the cost function and its constraints. The cost function describes the required control objectives, which are to improve fuel consumption and obtain a good dynamic response to the required speed while maintaining a stable value of the state of charge (SOC) for batteries. While the cost function is subject to the physical constraints and the mathematical prediction model that evaluate the vehicle’s behavior based on the current vehicle measurements. The optimization problem is solved at each sampling step using the (SQP) algorithm to obtain the optimum operating points of the vehicle’s energy converters, which are represented by the torque of the vehicle components.