FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR INCOMPRESSIBLE VISCOELASTIC MATERIALS

Abstract

A numerical method (F.E.)was derived for incompressible viscoelastic materials, the aging and environmental phenomena especially the temperature effect was considered in this method. A treatment of incompressibility was made for all permissible values of poisons ratio. A mechanical model represents the incompressible viscoelastic materials and so the properties can be derived using the Laplace transformations technique .A comparison was made with the other methods interested with viscoelastic materials by applying the method on a cylinder of viscoelastic material surrounding by a steel casing and subjected to a constant internal pressure, as well as a comparison with another viscoelastic method and for Asphalt Concrete problem exposed to constant pressure (vehicles load) was done. The obtained results was very convenient, as well as, a large time steps can be taken than others methods.