Using Geographic Information System (GIS) for Spatial Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Iraqi’s Cement Plants

Abstract

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) gas is one of greenhouse gases which are the main cause of climate change phenomenon that are subject to be follow-up by the Framework Convention on Climate Change as defined by the Kyoto Protocol. This research aims to use geographic information system (GIS) to estimate the spatial analysis of CO2 emissions from Iraqi’s cement plants, and to study and evaluate the contribution of Iraqi’s cement industry in the occurrence of the phenomenon of climate change in Iraq. 14 cement plants were selected to this study. These plants distributed in northern, central and southern Iraq, in order to calculate the concentrations of emissions of CO2. GIS were used in the drawing of the maps for the spatial analysis of CO2 emission. The is shown that CO2 emission from cement plants in the northern region were higher in comparison with the Middle Euphrates region. This study encourage the other to do such researches and studies on other national industries, which contributed of greenhouse gases in order to develop a policy and a national strategy to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions in Iraq