The General Trend of Temperatures in Iraq and its Relationship to the Concentration of Greenhouse Gases


Iraq is one of the countries in the Middle East most facing climate change, as it is exposed to many environmental challenges, the most important of which is the increase in temperatures above their normal rates. The aim of the research is to find the relationship between the general trend of temperatures in Iraq and the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCS). To achieve this goal, the study used the climatic data of the Iraqi General Authority for Meteorology and Seismic Monitoring, and data on greenhouse gas emissions from the Global Atmosphere Research Database (EDGAR). The results of the research showed that the climate of Iraq witnessed a noticeable increase in the recorded temperature values during the last decades. The annual average of temperatures took a positive trend during the period (1990-2019), if it increased from (22.9 °C) during 1990 to (23.7 °C) in 2000 and (25.2 °C) M) during the years 2010 and 2017. The annual rate of change during this period was about (0.322). The study also showed through finding the statistical relationship that there is a clear and significant direct correlation between the general trend of temperatures in Iraq and the total greenhouse gas emissions during the period (1990-2019) and in all stations included in the study, where the value of r is about (0.562).