Influence of cutting parameter on surface quality in dry turning of different materials


In machining operations, surface roughness (Ra) is an essential measure of product quality. It is determined by the cutting settings. The parameters that have been worked on are the Feed (F) (0.72, 0.88, 0.96, 1.12 mm/min), depth of cut (DOC) (0.5mm), and spindle speed (N) (545, 710, 1000, 1400 rpm). Three types of ferrous metals were employed in this study low-carbon steel St 3, medium-carbon steel St 45, and high-carbon steel Y8. According to the data, the optimal operating condition for obtaining the best surface roughness is 1.119 μm for low-carbon steel. St 3 from the product is by employing the following cutting settings for the cutter (feed 0.72 = mm/rev), (DOC= 0.5mm), and (machine speed =1400 rpm). But when using the cutting variables (feed 1.12 = mm/rev), (DOC = 0.5mm), and (machine speed = 545 rpm) for high-carbon steel Y8, gives the highest surface roughness is 4.999 μm. The experimental findings indicate that the surface roughness of turned components is considerably affected by cutting settings and machine equipment. According to the results of this study, increasing spindle speed lowered the Ra of the turned components, but rising feed increased the surface roughness. The value acquired by this approach will benefit other researchers for future work on tool vibrations, cutting forces, and so on.