PREVALENCE OF INSTESTINAL PROTOZOAL INFECTION AMONG PATIENTS IN AL-DOUR HEALTHY CENTERS

Abstract

This study which was started from (1/10/2006) to (1/10/2007) aimed to determine the rate of infection of the intestinal protozoa from patients in the healthy centers in Al-Dour city. Total stool samples (650) were examined and 160 (66.7%) was positive case for Entamoeba histolytica and 80 (33.3%) positive case for Giardia lambelia. All the stool samples were examined macroscopically with naked eye to observe the color, blood and mucus and microscopical examination (direct method) by using normal saline (0,85%) to determined trophozoits and cysts of E. histolytica and G. lambelia. In this study we used statistical analysis in order to assess and analyze the results which included the descriptive statistics (contingency tables, contingency coefficients and graphical presentation) and inferential statistics to accept or project the statistical hypothesis. The observed frequencies distribution discern that the both responding, (positive and negative) recorded the same results proportionally among the gender relatively, then followed by diagnosis sample single or double infection responding and two different distributed among both gender and then finally followed by the diagnosis sample (positive and negative) responding and different distributed of age groups of the studied samples . The observed frequencies distribution discern that the both responding, species (E. histolytica) and (G. lambelia) recorded the different in their distribution results among the infection status (single and double) infection relatively with a significant different, then followed by the studied species, the results showed that in male E. histolytica species decreases compared with the other species, while these results reversed in female in a highly obtained confidence and then finally followed by species (E. histolytica) and (G. lambelia) recorded the different in their distribution results among the different age groups relatively with high relative obtained confidence level .