Structural and Magnetic Properties of MnxZn1-xFe2O4 Prepared via Sol-Gel Method

Abstract

Manganese-zinc ferrite MnxZn1-xFe2O4 (MnZnF) powder was prepared using the sol-gel method. The morphological, structural, and magnetic properties of MnZnF powder were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), field emission-scanning electron microscopes (FE-SEM), and vibrating sample magnetometers (VSM). The XRD results showed that the MnxZn1-xFe2O4 that was formed had a trigonal crystalline structure. AFM results showed that the average diameter of Manganese-Zinc Ferrite is 55.35 nm, indicating that the sample has a nanostructure dimension. The EDX spectrum revealed the presence of transition metals (Mn, Fe, Zn, and O) in Manganese-Zinc Ferrite. The FE-SEM results of MnZnF showed uniform spherical structures. VSM was used to study the change in magnetization, the saturation magnetization, (Ms) value of the samples. The measurement of VSM indicated that the MnZnF exhibits ferromagnetic behavior with coercivity Hc (0.0014 Gauss), remanent magnetization (Mr) (0.202 emu/gr), and saturation magnetization Ms (2.69 emu/g).