Prevalence of Fibromyalgia in Iraqi People with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome


ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Joint hypermobility occur when large or small joints in the body are able to extend beyond theirnormal physiological limits. Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic diffuse pain. Both conditionsare shared with various soft tissue problems and this draw the attention of a lot of researchers andclinicians to look for possible relations between them.OBJECTIVE:To detect the correlation between firbomyalgia in Iraqi people with joint mobility.METHODS:One hundred Iraqi individuals with joint hypermobility syndrome according to the Beighton Scorewere studied and compared with another hundred normal mobile individuals matched for age and sexserving as control group. Full history was taken and complete clinical examination was done for allindividuals in both groups. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 Criteria for fibromyalgiawere applied for all individuals in both groups. They were quationed about presence of chronicwidespread pain, sleep disturbance, mood change and fatigue. Detection of at least 11 of 18 tenderpoints by digital palpation at specific soft tissue sites was needed for diagnosis of FMS.RESULTS:There was statistically significant increase frequency of fibromyalgia among individuals withhypermobile joints compared to normal mobile people. The frequency was 22% in the individualswith hypermobile joints versus 11% in the individuals with normal mobile joints, which was reportedmainly in females between the age 30-59 years.CONCLUSION:The results showed significant relationship between fibromyalgia and joint mobility.