PROTOZOAL ETIOLOGY OF ACUTE AND PERSISTENT DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN IN AL-SOWERA CITY IN IRAQ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the protozoal causes and their prevalence rate among diarrheic children with an age range of 0-60 months. Six hundred stool samples were collected from the General Hospital of Al-Sowera (the Wasit governorate-Iraq), and were analyzed for the presence of pathogenic protozoa. The prevalence of pathogenic protozoa was 208 cases representing 34.6% of the total diarrheic stool specimens. The № of infected cases with Endameba histolytica was 96 which represent the highest percentage (16%) among the total diarrheic stool specimens, followed by Giardia lamblia which was 66 cases (11%) and Cryptosporidium parvum which was 14 cases (2.3%). No significant variation in the prevalence rate between males and females was noticed (P= or< 0.0001), however, a significant variation in the prevalence rate according to the age groups was recorded (P > 0.01) in which the highest rate was noticed among the age group of 0-20 months. All non-pathogenic intestinal protozoa that were detected in the stool samples were not included in the results of this study.