Ionic imbalance; as risk factor for pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseas


Across – sectional study was conducted on 100 patients (male and female) having cardiovascular dysfunction (Angina, Myocardial infarction, Heart failure) with age ranged from 55-75 years. They were compared with 78 normal healthy person with the same age.The study was carried out on patients attended to Tikrit Teaching hospital in out door of CCU word in Tikrit city .Fasting blood sample were obtained , serum was extracted and analyzed for serum Ca++, Na+, K+, Mg++, serum lipids and lipoproteins were also measured . Serum Mg++ was found to be significantly decreased in the three types of cardiovascular disease for sexes and this correlates inversely with increased serum Na+, K+ and Ca++ levels. Serum cholesterol, Triglyceride and LDL- cholesterol were significantly increased in both sex whereas HDL – cholesterol levels were significantly decreased in male and female for these three type of C.V.D patients.